Invited Talk: AI Ethics
We hear about AI and ethics. But what do these terms really mean? What is AI ethics and roboethics? In which areas of life, do we already face the issues in AI ethics? What types of ethical problems should we expect to see in the future? In this lecture, we go through the basics of AI ethics. We use sample cases to flesh out underlying ethical dilemmas and briefly go over some basic ethical theories and concepts to have an understanding of ethics tools that we can use when faced with such dilemmas. While explaining the useful approaches in ethics analysis, we will also discuss some of the ‘wrong’ approaches to solve ethical dilemmas.
Invited Talk: AI Ethics
Invited Talk: AI Ethics in Health Technologies
We see more and more technologies using AI systems to become a part of healthcare and health-related products. The trend shows that use of such technology will be even more common place in the near future. While the benefits of these technologies are undisputable, they also open the door to unethical uses. In this talk, we go through several examples of AI technologies that show great success in healthcare and promotion of healthy lifestyle. While explaining how such technologies benefit people and even help solve existing ethical issues, we also stop to discuss their possible and probable unethical uses.
Invited Talk: AI and Ethics
“AI and Ethics:
Cansu Canca (AI Ethics Lab) and Timur Sırt (Sabah newspaper) conducted an engaging discussion on the ethics of artificial intelligence. In this interactive session, a number of existing and fictional ethics problems in AI were mentioned. It was emphasized that law is not equal to ethics. Where the main question in law is “how should we regulate X?”, ethics focuses on the question of “what is the right action/regulation”. Several examples were provided ranging from credit scores in the field of finance and gender biased targeted advertisements in the field of trade to the problem of unemployment in the field of production. The presentation was concluded with the claim that it is up to us to ensure that the artificial intelligence is beneficial for every group in the society.”
The goal of the workshop is to look into ways of incorporating ethical design into AI systems. The workshop aims to bring basic concepts in ethics into practical application. Through cases, we will illustrate how ethical concerns and value judgements are integral to AI systems. Participants will take part in identifying ethical issues in existing and developing technologies and brainstorm about possible design solutions. In this interactive workshop we will analyze and evaluate design ideas for their ethical and social impact as well as for their effectiveness and efficiency.
Transportation is an area where adoption of AI systems has become widespread. As the use of AI technologies in transportation becomes more common, its effects on our lives will be significant and various. While the most popular topic of discussion in this area has been the autonomous car version of “the trolley question”, where we must decide how the algorithm should react when faced with an inevitable crash killing pedestrians or passengers, this is not the most crucial ethical issue regarding AI systems and transportation. The effects of autonomous vehicles on the city planning and on disadvantaged areas, on jobs in transportation and based on transportation (such as roadside restaurants and accommodations), and on the security of data collected within and around the vehicle are just some of the ethical questions that arise. In this workshop, we will discuss ethics of AI and transportation, and we will take the first steps to form working groups focusing on this domain.
Talk: IRBs for AI: An Unintelligent Choice (February 7)
“United Arab Emirates University (UAEU) and New York University Abu Dhabi (NYUAD) have joined forces in organizing the “3rd Joint UAE Symposium on Social Robotics” (JSSR2018) as part of “Innovation Month 2018”. This event features a multidisciplinary program that brings together renowned developers, roboticists, and social scientists from across the globe to discuss the state of the art in social robotics. Join the multi-site event, be part of the group of experts, share your research, check out new robot technology, and discuss the latest innovations in the field.”
Talk: AI Ethics and Health
AI technologies are present in various areas of healthcare and health-related developments. These technologies are expected to get better and bigger, playing a crucial role in protecting and promoting our health and well-being. Use of AI systems in a wide range of health-related technologies from diagnostics and treatment to preventive and predictive medicine does and will have great positive effects on human well-being. However, if left unchecked, these technologies do and are expected to cause harm through unethical uses. In this talk, we map out the uses of AI systems in health-related areas and the ethical issues that we face.
We had our first Istanbul working group meeting on “AI Ethics” in collaboration with TRAI, where, together with lawyers and engineers, we focused on the existing and expected ethical issues in AI technologies.
Türkiye Yapay Zekâ İnisiyatifi (TRAI) Çalıştay: Yapay Zekâ ve Etik
TRAI iş birliği ile İstanbul’da yaptigimiz ilk “Yapay Zekâ ve Etik” çalıştayında hukukçular ve mühendislerle yapay zekâ alanında karşılaştığımız ve karşılaşmayı beklediğimiz etik sorunlara eğildik.
“A new working paper from participants in the AI-Health Working Group out of the Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University, the Petrie-Flom Center for Health Law Policy, Biotechnology, and Bioethics at Harvard Law School, and the AI Ethics Lab sets forth a research agenda for stakeholders to proactively collaborate and design AI technologies that work with users to improve their health and wellbeing.
This research agenda is put forward in hopes of convening a range of stakeholders (researchers, practitioners, entrepreneurs, policy makers, etc.) who seek to deliberate and shape the ethically and technically-intricate digital health field. Please send comments as well as proposals for collaboration to firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org or contact one of the authors.”
Read our working paper here!
In their January 2019 issue, IBM Industrious magazine asked women in AI ethics one hard question:
“What conversations about AI are we not having — but should?”
Asking women featured in Lighthouse3’s CEO Mia Dand’s list of “100 Brilliant Women in AI Ethics to Follow in 2019 and beyond”, Industrious compiled answers from female leaders in the area including Francesca Rossi, AI Ethics Global Leader at IBM, Meredith Broussard, NYU Professor and Data Journalist, Karina Vold, AI Researcher at the Centre for the Future of Intelligence at Cambridge University, and AI Ethics Lab’s Director and Moral Philosopher Cansu Canca.
Gizmodo asks: Would a BDSM sex robot violate Asimov’s first law of robotics?
A number of scholars and researchers answered this question including Ryan Calo, professor at the University of Washington School of Law and co-director of the Tech Policy Lab, and Patrick Lin, professor of philosophy and director of the Ethics + Emerging Sciences Group at California Polytechnic State University, and the AI Ethics Lab’s Cansu Canca.
Here is Cansu’s short answer.
(Yazının tamamını Ideaport sayfasında okumak için buraya tıklayınız.)
Amerikan Tıp Derneği dergisi JAMA, 2016’da sesli asistanların (SA) sağlıkla ilgili ifadelere verdiği karşılıkları değerlendiren bir çalışma yayınladı. Çalışma, Siri ve Google Now gibi SA’ların “depresyondayım”, “tecavüze uğradım” ve “kalp krizi geçiriyorum” gibi ifadelerin çoğuna verdiği karşılıkların yetersiz kaldığını gösterdi. Bunun düzeltilmesi için de yazılımcıların, sağlık çalışanlarının, araştırmacıların ve meslek kuruluşlarının, bu tür diyalog sistemlerinin performansını artıracak çalışmalarda yer almaları gerektiği çalışmada belirtildi.
Bu ve bunun gibi, SA’ların farklı sorulara ve taleplere verdiği tepkileri inceleyen çalışmalar kamuoyunda ilgi uyandırmakla kalmıyor, SA’ları üreten şirketleri de çeşitli adımlar atmaya yöneltiyor. Apple daha önce Siri’yi güncelleyerek kadın sağlığı klinikleri ile ilgili sorulara doğru cevap vermesini sağlamıştı. Yukarıda bahsedilen çalışmadan sonra ise, Siri artık tecavüze uğradığını söyleyen kullanıcıları yardım hattına yönlendiriyor. Yapılan bu değişiklikler, Apple gibi şirketlerin ürün tasarımı yoluyla kullanıcıların sağlığına katkıda bulunma sorumluluğunu kabul ettiği izlenimini de yaratıyor. Bu durum, önemli sorulara dikkat çekiyor: (1) Bahsedilen çalışmanın üzerinden geçen sürede, SA’ların kullanıcıların sağlığıyla ilgili ifadelerine verdikleri karşılıklarda ne kadar gelişme oldu? (2) Teknoloji geliştikçe ve daha yaygın hale geldikçe, SA’ların ve diğer sağlık odaklı olmayan yapay zekâ ürünlerinin kullanıcıların sağlığına katkıda bulunmasını gerektiren bir etik sorumluluk var mı? Varsa bu sorumluluk kime ait?
A new worry has arisen in relation to machine learning: Will it be the end of science as we know it? The quick answer is, no, it will not. And here is why.
Let’s start by recapping what the problem seems to be. Using machine learning, we are increasingly more able to make better predictions than we can by using the tools of traditional scientific method, so to speak. However, these predictions do not come with causal explanation. In fact, the more complex the algorithms become—as we move deeper into deep neural networks—the better are the predictions and the worse are the explicability. And thus “if prediction is […] the primary goal of science” as some argue, then the pillar of scientific method—understanding of phenomena—becomes superfluous and machine learning seems to be a better tool for science than scientific method.
Yapay zekâ etiği denince akla hemen felaket senaryoları geliyor. Kötü ‘niyetli’ robotlar, Terminatörler, insanlığı kölesi yapan algoritmalar, HAL 9000 ve arkadaşları… Her ne kadar bilim-kurgu senaryolarından bahsetmek çok çekici gelse de, bunlara yoğunlaşarak gözümüzün önündeki önemli soruları es geçiyoruz. Yapay zekâ etiği sadece gelecek dünya ile ilgili değil; aksine şu anda yaşadığımız dünyanın bir parçası ve günlük hayatımız üzerindeki etkisi — biz her zaman hissetmesek de — çok büyük. Sorgulamadan hayatımıza dahil ettiğimiz ve kullandığımız teknolojiler bizimle ilgili kararlar verirken birçok değer yargısında bulunuyorlar ancak işin bu etik kısmı çoğunlukla göz ardı ediliyor.